Toxicology is a field of science that helps people understand the harmful affects of toxic substances, chemicals, or situations that can have on animals, people, and the environment. It is the practice of diagnosing and treating people, animals or the environment that have been exposed to these harmful toxins. Brad Shaeffer of Medcomp Sciences has been the President of the company since 2012. Medcomp Sciences provides customers with urine toxicology testing, genetic testing, and COVID-19 testing services. Brad Schaeffer with Medcomp Sciences makes sure that patients know how their bodies will react to over 150 different medications using a single DNA test. So, the question comes down to who needs a toxicology screening and what can the results explain?
First off, most of these tests are done quickly using a urine of blood sample. In some cases, a saliva or hair sample might be used. There are four main types of toxicology screening, athletics testing, medical testing, forensic testing, and employment drug testing. If a person has taken illegal drugs or has tried to harm themselves in some way, a doctor will perform a toxicology screen. A doctor will see the following symptoms as a strong sign that they could have intoxication or overdosed on drugs. These symptoms are vomiting, seizures, confusion, chest pain, panic attacks, deliriousness, unconsciousness, and difficulty breathing. Another example of someone who might need the toxicology screening would be a potential employee for a company, Employers will screen individuals who have applied for a job to see if they have any traces of drugs in their system. This is the same for athletes who use performance enhancing drugs, such as steroids. People who work in law enforcement might ask for a toxicology report while investigating a car accident or a sexual assault case.
Here is a list of drugs that a toxicology screening can detect:
- Phencyclidine (PCP)
- Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
- Amphetamines, such as Adderall
- Alcohol, including Ethanol and Methanol.
- Opiates, including Codeine, Oxycodone, and Heroin
What can these results explain? These reports provide a limited amount of information as to how often or how long the person has taken the drug. These results come back as either a positive or a negative result. Negative results mean that no trace of drugs was found. Positive means that a drug or many drugs are present in that person’s body. By having a toxicology screening done, it can help doctors, employers, and law enforcement make decisions to move forward with either further testing or confirm results.